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Lithium

Most Commonly Used
Lithium Carbonate 300mg Cap
Roxane Laboratories Inc
Pill Identification: 54 463 54 463 
Drug Image file DrugItem_801.JPG
Lithium Carbonate 300mg ER Tab
Roxane Laboratories Inc
Pill Identification: 54 107 
Drug Image file DrugItem_7321.JPG
Lithium Carbonate 450mg ER Tab
Roxane Laboratories Inc
Pill Identification: 54 346 
Drug Image file DrugItem_5115.JPG
Lithium Carbonate 300mg Tab
Roxane Laboratories Inc
Pill Identification: 54 452 
Drug Image file DrugItem_3641.JPG
Lithium Carbonate 600mg Cap
Roxane Laboratories Inc
Pill Identification: 54 702 54 702 
Drug Image file DrugItem_78.JPG
Also See:
  • Answers to Frequently-Asked Questions (FAQs)
  • Other Class Related Drugs
  • Additional Patient Usage Statistics


About Lithium
To avoid releasing too much lithium into your body all at once, never break, crush, or chew lithium capsules or tablets. Take the capsules or tablets whole. You may take lithium with food if you have an upset stomach.

If you miss a dose of lithium, take it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose of lithium, skip the missed dose and take your next lithium dose at the regularly scheduled time.

Before taking lithium, tell your doctor about any medicines you are taking. Make a complete list of all the medicines that you take, including over-the-counter medicines and herbal supplements. Give this list to your doctor. Some medicines should not be taken with lithium, and others may interact to change the amount of lithium in your body.

Also tell your doctor if you smoke, drink alcohol, or use illegal drugs. Some items may interact with your medicine. Taking lithium may make you drowsy or dizzy. Do not drive or operate machinery until you know how lithium affects your body.

Health professionals suggest not taking lithium if you are pregnant or breast-feeding.

Let your doctor know if you have:
  • Any drug allergies
  • Heart problems, irregular EKG, or if you have been told that you have Brugada syndrome
  • Thyroid problems
  • Kidney disease
  • Plans to have surgery
  • Dehydration or low levels of sodium in your blood
Your doctor will carefully monitor you and may check your kidneys periodically to make sure there is no harm caused by lithium.

Seek medical help if you have an allergic reaction to lithium. Symptoms of an allergic reaction include itching, hives, trouble breathing, and swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Serious side effects of lithium that may need immediate emergency attention may include:
  • Restless muscle movements in your eyes, jaw, tongue, or neck
  • Weakness, fever, restless feeling, confusion, eye pain, or vision problems
  • Extreme thirst, or increased or decreased urination
  • Pain, cold feeling, or discoloration in your fingers or toes
  • Fever with muscle stiffness, sweating, or uneven or fast heartbeat
  • Hallucinations or seizure
  • Light-headedness, fainting, or slow heart rate
It is important for you and your family to be able to notice early signs of lithium toxicity. These signs include vomiting, drowsiness, muscle weakness, lack of coordination, tremor, or muscle weakness. Call your doctor immediately if you have any of these serious side effects.

Other side effects of lithium that you should tell your doctor about right away about include:
  • Blurred vision or ringing in your ears
  • Trouble speaking or swallowing
  • Severe dizziness, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
  • Confusion
  • Increased urination
  • Loss of appetite
  • Seizures
  • Fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat
  • Unusually tired or weak
Let your doctor know if you have any side effect of lithium that gets worse, worries you, or does not go away. Less serious side effects of lithium may include:
  • Acne
  • Mild tremor of the hands
  • Thinning or brittle hair
  • Mild stomach pain or diarrhea
  • Itching skin
Keep all your doctor visits while taking lithium. Your doctor will want to know often how lithium is working for you, if your dosage needs to be changed, and to ask you about side effects.