Ritalin Information - Side Effects, Drug Interactions, Conditions
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Ritalin

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Most Commonly Used
Drug Image file DrugItem_7217.JPG
Ritalin 10mg Tab
Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp
Pill Identification: CIBA  |  3
Drug Image file DrugItem_7219.JPG
Ritalin 20mg Tab
Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp
Pill Identification: CIBA  |  34
Drug Image file DrugItem_7216.JPG
Ritalin 5mg Tab
Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp
Pill Identification: CIBA  |  7
Overview Information on Ritalin
Pharmacist Tip
Ritalin may interfere with sleep, especially if you take it late in the day. It's best to take it earlier in the day, no later than 6 p.m.     
Ritalin® is a medicine called a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant. Ritalin is used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adults. Ritalin is usually one part of a comprehensive treatment program for ADHD. Your doctor may also recommend counseling, behavioral therapies, or other treatments.

Ritalin is a brand name for the drug methylphenidate. Ritalin is available as a tablet or extended-release tablet or capsule.

Take Ritalin as directed by your doctor. Swallow extended-release tablets whole. Chewing, crushing, or breaking them can cause too much of the active ingredient in Ritalin to release at once. If you have trouble swallowing extended-release capsules, you can open them and sprinkle the medicine into a spoonful of pudding or applesauce. Eat all of the mixture at once. But don't chew when you eat it.

Ritalin has some serious risks. After taking Ritalin, some patients have experienced:
  • Heart-related problems, including sudden death (in patients who already had heart conditions or defects), stroke and heart attack, and increased blood pressure and heart rate
  • Psychiatric symptoms, including behavior and thought problems, bipolar illness, aggressive behavior and hostility, hearing or seeing things that are not real, believing things that are not real, or becoming overly suspicious of things
It is important that you talk with your doctor about any factors that may put you at greater risk for serious side effects before taking Ritalin.

Tell your doctor if you have:
  • A heart condition or defect
  • High blood pressure
  • Mental health issues
  • Tics or Tourette syndrome
  • Seizures or a past abnormal brain wave test (EEG)
  • Glaucoma
  • Mood problems, including anxiety, tension, or agitation
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breast-feeding, or planning to become pregnant. If you become pregnant while taking Ritalin, notify your doctor. Also, let your doctor know if you have ever had a reaction to any medicines, especially Ritalin or medicines similar to it. Let him or her know about any other medicines you take. Some may have dangerous reactions with Ritalin. You should never take Ritalin within 14 days of taking a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor, for instance. But even some over-the-counter medicines may cause harmful interactions with Ritalin.

Some of the more common side effects of Ritalin include:
  • Headache
  • Stomachache
  • Sleep problems
  • Nausea
  • Changes in appetite
  • Nervousness
Side effects that are more serious when taking Ritalin include:
  • Rapid or uneven heartbeat
  • Chest pain or shortness of breath
  • Feeling faint
  • Fever, sore throat, and headache with severe skin reaction
  • Unusual behavior, aggression, anxiety, confusion, or hallucinations
  • Severe headache
  • Blurred vision or buzzing in your ears
  • Seizure
Some people are allergic to Ritalin. If you are allergic to Ritalin, you may have itching; hives; swelling or tingling in the face, hands, mouth, or throat; chest tightness; or trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of all side effects with Ritalin. Let your doctor know about any side effects you notice while taking Ritalin. Tell your doctor if any new symptom or side effect gets worse, worries you, or will not go away while taking Ritalin.

If you need surgery of any kind, including dental surgery, you may need to stop taking Ritalin for a short time. Make sure all of your health care providers know that you take Ritalin.


Clinical Review by Jodi Grimm, RPh and Ann Ciemnoczolowski, MS, ELS on May 15, 2013
Ritalin® is a medicine called a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant. Ritalin is used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adults. Ritalin is usually one part of a comprehensive treatment program for ADHD. Your doctor may also recommend counseling, behavioral therapies, or other treatments.

Ritalin is a brand name for the drug methylphenidate. Ritalin is available as a tablet or extended-release tablet or capsule.

Take Ritalin as directed by your doctor. Swallow extended-release tablets whole. Chewing, crushing, or breaking them can cause too much of the active ingredient in Ritalin to release at once. If you have trouble swallowing extended-release capsules, you can open them and sprinkle the medicine into a spoonful of pudding or applesauce. Eat all of the mixture at once. But don't chew when you eat it.

Ritalin has some serious risks. After taking Ritalin, some patients have experienced:
  • Heart-related problems, including sudden death (in patients who already had heart conditions or defects), stroke and heart attack, and increased blood pressure and heart rate
  • Psychiatric symptoms, including behavior and thought problems, bipolar illness, aggressive behavior and hostility, hearing or seeing things that are not real, believing things that are not real, or becoming overly suspicious of things
It is important that you talk with your doctor about any factors that may put you at greater risk for serious side effects before taking Ritalin.

Tell your doctor if you have:
  • A heart condition or defect
  • High blood pressure
  • Mental health issues
  • Tics or Tourette syndrome
  • Seizures or a past abnormal brain wave test (EEG)
  • Glaucoma
  • Mood problems, including anxiety, tension, or agitation
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breast-feeding, or planning to become pregnant. If you become pregnant while taking Ritalin, notify your doctor. Also, let your doctor know if you have ever had a reaction to any medicines, especially Ritalin or medicines similar to it. Let him or her know about any other medicines you take. Some may have dangerous reactions with Ritalin. You should never take Ritalin within 14 days of taking a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor, for instance. But even some over-the-counter medicines may cause harmful interactions with Ritalin.

Some of the more common side effects of Ritalin include:
  • Headache
  • Stomachache
  • Sleep problems
  • Nausea
  • Changes in appetite
  • Nervousness
Side effects that are more serious when taking Ritalin include:
  • Rapid or uneven heartbeat
  • Chest pain or shortness of breath
  • Feeling faint
  • Fever, sore throat, and headache with severe skin reaction
  • Unusual behavior, aggression, anxiety, confusion, or hallucinations
  • Severe headache
  • Blurred vision or buzzing in your ears
  • Seizure
Some people are allergic to Ritalin. If you are allergic to Ritalin, you may have itching; hives; swelling or tingling in the face, hands, mouth, or throat; chest tightness; or trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of all side effects with Ritalin. Let your doctor know about any side effects you notice while taking Ritalin. Tell your doctor if any new symptom or side effect gets worse, worries you, or will not go away while taking Ritalin.

If you need surgery of any kind, including dental surgery, you may need to stop taking Ritalin for a short time. Make sure all of your health care providers know that you take Ritalin.


Clinical Review by Jodi Grimm, RPh and Ann Ciemnoczolowski, MS, ELS on May 15, 2013

CVS Patient Statistics for Ritalin
Usage by Age
24.06%
under20_base
22.31%
20to40_base
33.83%
40to60_base
19.8%
over60_base
Most Commonly Used By CVS Patients
Usage by Gender
female_fill_graph
50.13%
female_fill_graph
male_fill_graph
49.87%
male_fill_graph
Learn More About Ritalin
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